Special Education services are provided for all eligible students. Currently, over 1100 students are receiving specially designed instruction to meet their unique needs. There is a continuum of service models from consultation services to a full-day program in a self-contained class. Services are determined by a committee, which includes the parent and, if appropriate, the student. Students suspected of having a disability may be referred by the parent, teacher, or other interested party.
Written parent permission is required before evaluation. Referrals may be made directly to the Supervisor of Special Education or to the Child Study Committee in the school the child attends or will attend.
The Special Education Process
- Identification and referral. When your child is suspected of having a disability, a referral, which is a written or oral request for an evaluation, is given to the school. You may make the referral or it may come from the teacher, principal, etc.
- Evaluation. The school then evaluates the child to determine whether your child has a disability.
- Determination of eligibility. Based on the results of the evaluation, a team decides if your child is eligible to receive special education and related services.
- Development of an Individualized Education Program (IEP) and determination of services. If your child is eligible to receive special education and related services, a team then develops and implements an appropriate IEP to meet the needs of your child.
Parent/guardian/surrogate permission is needed prior to evaluation and again before the IEP services begin.
- Developmental Delay
- Emotional Disability
- Hearing Impairment
- Intellectual Disability
- Multiple Disabilities
- Orthopedic Impairment
- Other Health Impairment
- Specific Learning Disability
- Speech-Language Impairment
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Visual Impairment including Blindness
- Visiting Teachers
- School Social Workers
- School Psychologists
- School Nurses
- Special Education Teachers
Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission (JLARC) Parent Survey
The Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission (JLARC) is conducting a study of Virginia’s K-12 special education services. In addition to other groups, the JLARC researchers are seeking input from many different stakeholders, including parents of K-12 students with disabilities, on topics related to the special education processes. The survey is designed for parents, foster parents, and legal guardians of students who have received K-12 special education services at any time over the past three years.
To complete the survey, please use the following link: JLARC Survey - English Version
If you have any questions, please contact JLARC staff at SpecialEdSurvey@jlarc.virginia.gov.
La encuesta de JLARC para los padres de los alumnos en Virginia que reciben los servicios de educación especial está disponible en español. Para acceder a más información y completar la encuesta, visite Encuesta JLARC - Versión española
Para preguntas acerca de la encuesta, por favor comuníquese con SpecialEdSurvey@jlarc.virginia.gov.
If you would prefer to access the survey from the JLARC's website, you can follow this link: JLARC Website
2019-2020 Private School Parent and Student Perspective Survey
The online surveys are currently opened and will be available for completion at the following links until October 30, 2020:
Parent Survey: Private School Survey for Parent
Student Survey: Private School Perspective Survey for Student